Yorkshire Terrier: small breed dog


He Yorkshire terrier or Yorkshire terrier is a dog of small size. If you are thinking of adopting one, it is very important that you first investigate about the character it has and other related factors of a Yorkshire.

Knowing about your diet, the size you will reach as an adult or how to carry out your training are some of the basic things you should be clear about. before adopting one, remember that a dog can accompany you for many years and that you must be very responsible when welcoming it.

You are thinking of adopting an adult dog or puppy, here you will find the keys that will make you decide and for this wonderful breed such as the Yorkshire.

  • Europe
  • United Kingdom
  • 15-35
  • 35-45
  • 45-55
  • 55-70
  • 70-80
  • More than 80
  • 1-3
  • 3-10
  • 10-25
  • 25-45
  • 45-100
  • 8-10
  • 10-12
  • 12-14
  • 15-20
  • Low
  • Half
  • high

The origin of the Yorkshire Terrier

The Yorkshire appears for the first time in XIX century, when you start to develop a small, easy-maintenance breed of terriers for rat hunting. It is not until 1860 when it is officially presented and in competitions, the Yorkshire terrier we now know and such was its popularity that swept through different competitions and exhibitions. It is believed that the Yorkshire breed may be a descendant of the English toy terrier, the skye terrier or the dandie dinmont tierrer among many others and that is, its origin is not entirely clear.

It was an easy breed to care for and educate, with very beautiful physical characteristics and not at all aggressive with people, but with animals, their main task. It was perfect for any type of family since at that time it was one of the most "economic" races that existed.

As we have been explaining, the Yorkshire terrier was used among the most humble classes for the elimination of rat pests. Despite its tiny size, it was well known that the Yorkshire miners killed many of these rodents without fear. They were so popular that they began to participate in various "sports" related to the death of rats and bets of the time.

Later they were the bourgeois british who found in the Yorkshire terrier a sweet and beautiful companion dog and began to stop using it in rodent hunting. However, the history of Yorkshire as a rat hunter still accompanies it because it is not difficult to warn very alert and hunter specimens.

Yorkshire character

The Yorkshire terrier stands out for being a alert, intelligent and very alive dog. It is an excellent breed to live with all kinds of families as it adapts wonderfully to any environment. One of the attitudes that can bother you and you should keep in mind before adopting one is that you can adopt the habit of barking a lot since it is a watchful and alert dog by nature. If that is not to your liking you should think of other less barking races.

Other characteristics of the general character of this breed may be its overprotective and challenging attitude, surprising in a small breed. You must be very clear that the education of Yorkshire must start from the moment it is a puppy with the socialization process so that you can enjoy a sociable, trained and mentally healthy adult dog. We usually talk about a dog very affable and attached to his relatives, easy to deal with and really very affectionate. It is perfect for any family.

The Yorkshire is a dog that will not need much care, however we will take into account some general details that will help us keep you happy, clean and beautiful for longer.

The first and most important will be the fact comb our dog regularly, at least every two days if we leave its long mantle, since it is susceptible to tangles and to accumulate dirt. In addition, if we do not try to avoid the appearance of knots then it will be much more complicated to eliminate them. Helping us with a good special dog brush will make the task easier and make it much more enjoyable for him. If you don't like the long cloak you can discover hairstyles for a short yorkshire.

The tremors that accompany the small body of the Yorkshire are common, either because of the cold or stressful situations. Will be important prevent cold using clothes for small dogs and protecting him from the rain.

The Yorkshire bath is also very important to keep your hair free of dandruff, another worrying factor for allergy sufferers. The regularity with which we must bathe our Yorkshire terrier is usually of about two weeks, although that will depend on the dog in particular, the length of the hair or how it gets dirty in the park.

Yorkshire Training

Yorkshire terrier training will start from its socialization, which becomes the environment presentation To our dog. It is very important that you learn to know other people, dogs, vehicles and objects of all kinds so that you do not develop fears, phobias or aggressiveness in your adult stage. Although it is great that your dog knows many people and animals you must ensure that his feelings at this stage are positive for him. Avoid scares, aggressions or discomfort at all costs.

After its socialization stage, the Yorkshire must begin training, either in a group or individually at home. It is very important that you learn the basic orders such as: sitting, sitting still and coming as they will help you stay safe in the city and avoid other dangerous situations. In addition to the latter, practicing obedience with your dog will help you forge a good relationship with him.

Although it sounds strange it will also be essential to add different types of games in your usual routine. That allows them to relieve tensions and burn the accumulated energy. Using teethers, the Kong or other tools will be very positive for your Yorkshire.


The Yorkshire Terrier, as with other breeds of long hair, are prone to fringe hair to the point of causing discomfort in the eyes, or hinder their vision. At this point, you can choose to remove your hair with the help of an accessory (clip or rubber band), or periodically go to a canine hairdresser to control this aspect.

Teeth cleaning:

Dogs of small breeds are the most exposed to the presence of bacteria in the gums by plaque accumulation, because they have the same definitive dental structure as the rest of dogs (42 teeth), but their jaw is very small. Consequently, the teeth spend much of the time embedded in a spike pattern that causes bacteria to have more opportunities to accumulate and generate dental diseases.

To prevent it, it is advisable that, from the 7th month of life, you carry out a daily tooth cleaning of your Yorkshire Terrier dog with the help of a toothbrush and toothpaste for dogs, which you can acquire in pet-specialized stores.

From the year on, you can combine this routine with the provision of a daily dental snack that promotes chewing and encourages the physical "brushing" of the surface of your teeth. In this way, in addition to preventing, you will make your dog feel rewarded and enjoy big time. We recommend that you buy a snack made with natural ingredients that allows you to clean even the teeth of the back of your mouth, which is an area of ​​difficult access, in which the teeth are more vulnerable to the accumulation of plaque and tartar.

Finally, keep in mind that the Yorkshire Terrier is an ideal roommate, who will easily adapt to your surroundings and your pace of life, with which it will not cost you to move anywhere.

Yorkshire Terrier Features

  • Height at the cross: the standard does not indicate it
  • Weight: less than 3,178 kg.
  • Cap: steel gray and fawn, long, shiny and abundant hair
  • Average life: about ten years
  • Character: naughty, affectionate and attached to the owner
  • Relationship with children: very good
  • Relationship with other dogs: good
  • Aptitudes: service dog
  • Space needs: restricted, but you should exercise
  • Yorkshire Terrier food: from 70 to 90 g. dry full food diaries
  • Arrangement: weekly session, brushing and daily hairstyles, a minimum monthly bath
  • Maintenance cost: means, medium

The enjoyment of loving a Yorkshire Terrier

Who can resist the charms of a moment of tranquility next to a Yorkshire Terrier? What could ease your sadness for a rest time faster than a terrier blue miniature and fire? It seems as if almost anyone who shows the inclination to own a Yorkshire Terrier I should do it. There are many and great advantages that accompany this dog, the smallest of all terriers British.

Given the small size of the breed, the Yorkshire Terrier It doesn't bother you in your living space. You do not need a palatial estate with a maximum security fence. You do not need a huge home for the dog to do enough exercise indoors. You do not need to balance your budget to allow yourself to feed it. You do not need to buy equipment to train you, to have you at home or to accommodate the Yorkshire Terrier.

What you do need is to open your heart to this wonder of 1.4 kg and learn to give yourself freely and without reservation to another living creature.

He Yorkshire Terrier gladly admit all kinds of people. He is a confident soul who shares his affectionate way of being with any kind person and with enough good humor to spend some time with him. To the Yorkshire Terrier They like, above all, people. They get along with most dogs, they are not exclusive or selfish. Owners are recommended to monitor the relationship of their Yorkshire Terrier With older dogs. Although its Yorkshire Terrier You will not be afraid of a larger dog, such as a Dobermann or a German Shepherd, the big dog may not be aware of its own strength. Many Yorkshire Terrier they have been damaged by larger dogs that playfully caught them in their mouths or put a part on them. Once the larger dog realizes that the Yorkshire Terrier is a dog, like him, will want to "chat" with him, regardless of the superior beauty of the Yorkshire Terrier.

Although not the size of a watchdog, the Yorkshire Terrier He is very protective of his house and his people. He still owns all the fire of his ancestors terrier: He is not afraid despite his small stature. A Yorkshire Terrier whoever incites will expose his genius and his mood when he is protecting the house, the car or the garden of its owner. The Yorkshire Terrier They have an elephant memory. Once you cross with a Yorkshire Terrier and he considers him as his enemy, he will never forget his transgressions.

To the Yorkshire Terrier They like, above all, fun. They are not spiteful, despite their serious gestures when things get ugly. Like most miniature dogs, play is a way of life. Simple games, such as rolling a ball, chasing a rope, catching a bone, etc., make the Yorkshire Terrier Be a cheerful companion that we all like to have nearby. This extraverted personality, along with its playful attitude, make it the ideal dog for both young and old people. The jumps of Yorkshire Terrier by the furniture and the pursuit of mice and other imaginary enemies will entertain even the most dull of the guests.

Older people also love Yorkshire Terrier. Its friendly fools and gentle ways make them suitable for those who have to stay at home and for those less predisposed to go jogging with their dogs on the beach or in the park. The Yorkshire Terrier They can exercise a lot inside the house, with some occasional walk in the garden. They are ideal for people who live in an apartment or for those who live in small apartments without much deal with the outside.

Anyway, when at Yorkshire Terrier You are allowed to go out into the outside world, you take it with enthusiasm. After all it is a Terrierand the word terrier It comes from the Latin land. To the Yorkshire Terrier They love to play on the grass. They are talented excavators, you can be sure of that. The race will thank all the sports of the terriers larger. Although the Yorkshire Terrier It does not weigh as much as the Dandie Dinmont Terrier nor does it have the legs of the Airedale Terrier, the playfulness and courage of its ancestors terrier Keep running through your arteries.

Most owners of Yorkshire Terrier They admit that having one is contagious. The Yorkshire Terrier They are not large family dogs, but are part of the family. The owners consider their Yorkshire Terrier as if they were one more child of the house. Given the size of the Yorkshire Terrier and his enormous heart and character, it is not surprising that the owners are aware of the companionship and affection that their Yorkshire Terrier. So, many lovers of Yorkshire Terrier They are made with a whole family of them. While most breeders will talk about their kennel's plans, it is rare to hear that a breeder of Yorkshire Terrier Talk about a "kennel." He Yorkshire Terrier He is a home companion who always lives among the family, totally immersed and busy in the daily family routine.

The Yorkshire Terrier They measure with the family program. They know, by instinct, who comes home earlier, and in the same way they know when someone is late or not at home. This family dog ​​cannot sleep if one of the people he loves has not yet returned. While a Yorkshire Terrier He feels a special affection for his master or his mistress (like all dogs, the one who feeds and cares for him receives special consideration), all family members are held in the highest esteem.

A few words of warning to the inveterate lovers of Yorkshire Terrier: You must resist your primary impulses to pamper yourself beyond reason. It can be difficult to live with any excess dog. Given the spirit and determination of this terrier miniature once the Yorkshire Terrier think that you can get away with everything that is proposed, maybe you become someone who is less pleasant to have nearby. By nature, the Yorkshire Terrier It is not selfish or greedy. He does not eat like a little bird but he is not a swallow either. He doesn't hide his toys so his playmates can't find them and he's quite happy sharing his stuff. Once your obsession has spoiled your delicious personality, maybe your Yorkshire Terrier Don't be the generous little angel with a big heart that you fell in love with.

Be careful. Many inveterate Yorkshire Terrier, among which the author is told, they have embarrassing anecdotes about how their little and adorable friends consent. Although this author has never resorted to anything like this, I have heard from owners of Yorkshire Terrier who have bought cots and chairs for their Yorkshire Terrier, who go to see the butcher every day to give them meat of the highest quality, who have canceled their plans to go on vacation if their six Yorkshire Terrier they were not invited, who have knitted sweaters and booties for their dogs and have given up promising careers in the world of finance to stay at home taking care of their Yorkshire Terrier and write on your own about your favorite subject.

If you are among any of the aforementioned categories, then you will fit into the wonderfully dedicated and balanced world of Yorkshire Terrier. Welcome!

Yorkshire Terrier breed specific health concerns

His eyes Yorkshire Terrier Not only are they a good indication of your affection and your devotion to you, your owner, but they are an excellent way to assess the health of the dog. As for all dogs, the eyes should be clear and bright, which is a sign of good health and nutrition. Examine if there is any clouding or opacity in your dog's eyes, as this could indicate that there is a problem that would require your veterinarian's attention. In the case of Yorkshire Terrier, this breed has a tendency to suffer from some inherited eye problems. Among the most common are cataracts, progressive retinal atrophy, dry keratoconjunctivitis or ulcerative keratitis.

The Yorkshire Terrier They may develop cataracts after three years of age, and more frequently between three and six years. Fortunately, veterinary advances make it possible to operate them successfully. As in people, cataracts can be removed by a surgeon. As the problem is considered hereditary, dogs with cataracts should be excluded from breeding programs.

Progressive retinal atrophy (APR) causes blindness in dogs that are affected. It is common for APR to affect dogs in their last years of life, usually around eight years old, although it can appear at an age as early as between five and eight years of age or as late as after The twelve years. As the name describes it, the deterioration of the retina is progressive. Affected dogs experience limitations in their visual acuity, but as the Yorkshire Terrier adapt easily, the owner may not realize that his dog's vision fails. Generally, the APR is already quite severe when the owner realizes that the dog is affected.

Dry keratoconjunctivitis (abbreviated, QCS), is more commonly called "dry eye." The "dry eye" problem occurs as a result of the inability of the lacrimal glands to generate tears to moisten the eye. The cornea is affected by that lack of moisture, and these dry areas cause damage to the eye. The accumulation of mucous substances around the eye gives the owner an indication that there is a problem in it. Treatments are available, including antibiotics and other drugs. In the most severe cases, surgery can correct the problem. As in the case of APR, QCS is hereditary.

The fourth eye problem that affects the Yorkshire Terrier, ulcerative keratitis, also affects the cornea. The infection and ulceration on the cornea are caused by the dog's hairs, which irritate his eyes. Owners may notice that their dogs blink excessively, that they scratch their eyes with their feet and that the eyes look watery. It is not a hereditary problem, but the simple result of the Yorkshire Terrier Have bulging eyes. The problem can be treated with antibiotics and special ointments.

Two orthopedic problems that frequently affect miniature dogs and other small breeds are Legg-Calve-Perthes disease and patellar dislocation. L-CP disease, which is frequently observed in Yorkshire Terrier young, has a high incidence in the breed. The disease causes a limp in the hip joint as a result of the collapse of the head of the femur. Very frequently, in nine and every ten cases, only one limb is affected. It seems to be hereditary, although veterinary research has not yet reached a conclusion. Patellar dislocation, in more common terms means that the patella is dislocated. Although it is hereditary, it is not usually a serious problem. Cases vary greatly depending on the laxity of the patella. In the case of young dogs, surgery is usually recommended before the problem gets worse and causes arthritis.

Von Willebrand disease (EvW) is a congenital disease that is observed in many dog ​​breeds. EvW is a blood clotting problem. Unfortunately, the disease is increasingly common in the Yorkshire Terrier. Veterinarians and breeders have noticed that there have been many cases in recent times, particularly in dogs over five years of age. Not all dogs with EvW are diagnosed as suffering from such a problem, and this depends on the level of coagulation. Some dogs are not diagnosed until a problem occurs during a surgical operation (most often it is during a castration or spay operation). Depending on the level of the clotting factor, the dog may or may not be affected. No Yorkshire Terrier with the EvW it should be included in a breeder's programs.

Despite all this, the Yorkshire Terrier It is a healthy and adaptable dog. Owners are advised to investigate the above-mentioned disorders and discuss them with the veterinarian. The better informed an owner is, the longer his life will be Yorkshire Terrier.

If you want to know more about the YorkshireTerrier We recommend the publication of the Hispanic publisher Yorkshire Terrier Exellence Series:


The small size of the Yorkshire terrier contradicts its authentic personality, which is energetic, alive and dominant. Yorkshire terriers are affectionate, but they also demand a lot of attention, this breed is a good choice for someone who wants to pamper a dog.

Yorkshire terriers are excellent guard dogs. But they can show bad temper with other children if they are not treated with respect or sweetness. Some may be aggressive with other small animals, although there are Yorkshire terriers that live quite peacefully with other dogs and even cats.

Yorkshire terriers can be barkers, although they can be trained so they don't bark excessively. Some may be stubborn when learning to control sphincters.


Because they are so small, Yorkshire terriers do not need much space to exercise. They can also be trained to make their needs on paper, so they are great dogs for floors, although they also enjoy walking outside.

While the level of Yorkshire terriers molt is low, your hair needs regular care to keep it in good condition and looking good. If it is cut, it is necessary to comb or brush at least weekly. If the hair is left long, more hours of grooming and also a professional cut are needed from time to time.

This breed is sensitive to cold and has a tendency to catch a cold, so it is necessary to protect them from bad weather. If they go outside with freezing temperatures, they can be put on a dog coat.

The Yorkshire terrier was developed in Yorkshire, England, during the Victorian era. It is believed that this breed descends from other different terriers, such as the Maltese bichon, the black and brown Manchester and the Dandie Dinmont terrier, as well as some already extinct breeds, such as the Clydesdale terrier.

The rest of the historical information about this breed is either unknown or contradictory. There are those who believe that these dogs were raised by workers in northern England who could not easily have large dogs and yet wanted an energetic partner. Others say that Yorkshire terriers were developed to hunt rats that infested mining galleries and to enter badger and fox burrows. One more theory states that Scottish wool factory workers in Yorkshire developed the breed.

The original Yorkshire terriers were larger than the current ones. Through selective breeding, the dogs miniaturized until they became a fashionable dog. In the United States, this breed first appeared in exhibitions at the end of the 19th century. Today, the Yorkshire terrier is primarily a faithful companion and spoiled dog.

Living with:

Because they are so small, the Yorkshire terrier does not need much space to exercise. They can also be trained with paper, as a result, they make excellent dogs for apartments, but they also enjoy walking outside.

The Yorkshire terrier moves a little, but its mantle requires regular care to keep it in good shape and looking good. If it is trimmed, it is required to be brushed and combed at least once a week. If the mantle stays long, many more hours of grooming will be necessary and professional trimming will be necessary from time to time.

The breed is sensitive to cold and prone to chills, so the Yorkie needs to be protected from bad weather. If you walk when it is cold, a coat will be necessary.

The Yorkshire terrier was developed in Yorkshire, England during the Victorian era. The breed is thought to descend from many other terriers including the Maltes, black and bronze Manchester, and the Dandie Dinmont terrier, as well as some breeds that are extinct such as the Clvdesdale terrier.

Other historical information about race is uncertain or conflicted. Some believe that the dogs were bred by working men in Northern England, who could not keep large dogs, and wanted a cheerful company. Other reports say that the Yorkshire was developed to catch rats that infested the shaft of the mine and as a dog that entered the burrow by badgers and foxes. Yet another theory is that the Scottish men who worked in the wool mills developed the breed.

The original Yorkshire terrier was longer than the one we know today. Through the selection of the breed, the dog was miniaturized and became a dog that was fashionable to have. In the United States, the breed first appeared on exhibits during the late 1800s. Today the Yorkshire is primarily a pampered and legged company.