Gingivitis in cats What is it? causes and treatment


Gingivitis is a painful disease for the kitten. That little red line along the top of your cat's gums may be the beginning of a more serious condition. You can try several things at home to cure gingivitis before loading your cat and leaving for the veterinarian.

Cats don't brush their teeth. Cats do not brush their teeth. If they did gingivitis, it probably wouldn't be a problem for feline friends. Gingivitis is an inflammation of the gums and affects four in five cats older than 3 years. Understanding the causes of gingivitis can help prevent this painful asthmatic crisis in your kitten. Gingivitis is usually caused when food particles accumulate in the small spaces between the teeth and gums. As the food decays, the bacteria begin to grow. The infection and waste irritate the gums, and over time they can cause them to become red, swollen or even bleed. If your cat lets his teeth brush, you can help clean the gum residue and reduce gingivitis.

A viral culprit may have invaded your cat's mouth. Your kitten's gingivitis may not be the result of poor oral hygiene. You may also have a virus that makes you more susceptible to gingivitis. The most common viral culprit of gingivitis is calicivirus. Routine vaccinations immunize cats against calicivirus. The "C" in a "FVCRP" vaccine for that virus. You can have your cat tested for calicivirus antibodies, which will tell you if it carries the virus. But sometimes the best plan is to treat the symptoms. If your feline friend has gingivitis, nasal congestion and watery eyes, there is a good chance that he has calicivirus. Talk to your veterinarian about how to treat your cat with a combination of antibiotics, antiviral medications and anti-inflammatory medications. You can also add lysine in your cat's diet. Lysine is a natural amino acid that can slow the reproduction of the virus. Check with your veterinarian, local or online pet store for supplements or lysine treats.

Crispy food. Dry and crispy foods do not clean your cat's teeth. Small particles of dry food stick to your cat's teeth and gums, which leads to the need to brush your teeth. But there are good alternatives to dry foods that can help a cat with gingivitis. It has been found that some cats also have an allergic reaction to highly processed foods, especially foods that have grains. Simply changing to a canned food with more natural ingredients can improve gingivitis. Sometimes, a simple change of canned or raw foods can keep your cat's teeth clean, since the moisture in the food will act as a natural mouthwash. If you decide to give your cat chicken, raw meat or turkey bone a few times a week, this will scrub your teeth when the meat and bones are chewed.

A good wash might be necessary. Sometimes natural remedies do not work well enough to clear up gingivitis. If your cat has swollen and red gums after eating, you may need a veterinarian to clean your teeth. When the veterinarian cleans your kitten's teeth, he will have to be under anesthesia. Be sure to talk with your veterinarian about the risks associated with anesthesia, especially if your cat is older or has other health problems. Like human teeth, your veterinarian will scrape your furry friend's teeth and try to dislodge any dirt or infection between the teeth and gums. Often, a good cleaning of the teeth, follows>

What is gingivitis in cats?

Gingivitis is an oral disease, in which inflammation of the oral or lingual mucosa of cats occurs. It is a disease common in young cats that do not have a serious clinical picture. However, if it is not treated on time it can get worse. Gingivitis in cats is not contagious, is a disease in which decisively influences the immune reaction of each cat to dental plaque.

Causes of gingivitis in cats

The causes of gingivitis in cats are quite broad. The main cause for a cat to develop gingivitis is the tartar buildup on teeth in cats. Since gingivitis is an inflammation produced due to the bacteria present in tartar, which in turn are generated from traces of food left in the mouth.

However, there are other causes for which cats can acquire this disease, mainly If the cat is suffering from any disease that affects its defenses.

● Insufficient oral hygiene
● Immune problems
● Insufficiency or kidney problems
● Presence of feline Calicivirus virus
● Presence of feline leukemia virus
● Presence of the Feline Panleucopenia virus
● History of periodontal diseases
● Wet food consumption

Symptoms of gingivitis in cats

The first symptoms of gingivitis in cats usually begin with the swelling and redness of the patient's gumsand. Then, due to the inflammation, you will begin to feel pain at the time of eating.

That is why you can also notice the disease if you see a lack of appetite in your cat and even depression, irritability and a state of mind off. Later if the disease is allowed to develop, they will be presented ulcers in the oral mucosa with sialorrhea or excessive production of saliva and also the difficulty of eating solid feed will be increasingly noticeable.

Other symptoms are:

● Sialorrhea or excessive saliva production
● Oral inflammation
● pain
● Halitosis (bad breath)
● Oral bleeding
● Weight loss and in chronic cases anorexia
● Face rubs against walls and other surfaces.
● Constant meowing
● The cat will not let his mouth touch

He gingival pain usually has common symptoms with other diseases both oral and body in general. That is why by noticing some of these symptoms in your cat you must take it immediately to the vet in order to have a correct diagnosis and start treatment on time.

Treatment to fight gingivitis in cats

The first step to start a treatment to fight gingivitis in cats will be the correct diagnosis of the veterinarian, who will be in charge of detecting in which state of gravity the patient is, that is to say if it is a mild, chronic gingivitis or if the cause of the disease is viral.
In the case of mild gingivitis, the patient will receive pain relievers to relieve pain, antibiotics to fight bacterial infection and dental cleaning to remove tartar.

If one occurs chronic gingivitis, other complementary tests such as blood count (blood tests), x-rays of the oral cavity, among others, will be necessary. Likewise, the teeth will be cleaned and the teeth that are very affected will be extracted. When gingivitis has a viral cause, antibiotics will be applied and if there is no improvement, corticosteroid treatment will be applied.

How to prevent gingivitis in cats?

The main board to prevent gingivitis in cats is to maintain oral health. You should periodically brush (once a week minimum) your cat's teeth so that bacteria and tartar do not accumulate in the gums. However, since gingivitis can be caused by reasons other than lack of oral hygiene, you should follow the following prevention tips:

● Avoid or reduce the supply of dry food to another type: It is proven that gingivitis is more common in cats that have a wet diet.
● Make visits to the veterinarian to carry out dental cleaning regularly.
● Be on the lookout for your cat's immune system: Providing vitamins and adequate food that nourishes it correctly and keeps it strong.

Following these tips you will act in favor of your cat's oral health, however, we always recommend that any questions you have about the health of your cat consult with a veterinarian expert to receive appropriate recommendations as appropriate.

Finally, we hope this article on the »gingivitis in cats»Has been of your interest and you have learned a lot. If so, we invite you to share it on social networks to all your friends, and thus help other kittens