The pregnancy of a rabbit should not last more than 35 days and there are very specific care to take into account so that any problem occurs.
Pregnancy in rabbits is a precious period but also very delicate for them, because it requires a lot of care and changes in your diet so that both the status of babies and your bunny is the best possible. In Bekia, we tell you all about pregnancy in rabbits, changes in their diet, the control that should be followed during pregnancy and how long it lasts.
Rabbit breeding takes place at any time of the year
As usual, the pregnancy is usually quite short and the litters very numerous. Females are usually prepared for reproduction long before males, because during that time they will be physically prepared for the pregnancy process.
The gestation time of rabbits lasts between 29 and 35 days. You have to be very careful with the times in pregnancy because, if your bunny has not given birth after 35 days means that there is a problem in pregnancy and adequate control has not been followed during pregnancy.
Pregnancy cannot be confirmed until 20 days have passed after of the coupling of the female and the male. You will notice that your bunny becomes more arisca with the male and begins to drink more water than normal. You will also notice that your breasts will start to swell, but don't worry, get into the normal process just before having your babies.
The sexual maturity of these animals is variable. Males can be mature from 4 or 5 months to 9 months, also depending on the breed to which they belong. Be careful with age, because if your rabbit reaches 4 or 5 years old it is not recommended that you have young.
Rabbits' zeal is different from that of other mammals, because they don't have a specific season to have young. It is true that they prefer a warm environment and find themselves in their natural habitats. If your bunny is freshly born, she is ready to have babies again, but always keep her age in mind so as not to endanger her life.
When the bunnies are pregnant, nutrition has to be different to provide the necessary nutrients to your babies. Thus, they need a little more calcium due to the rapid growth of their babies within it. We recommend the so-called 'calcium 20', a medicine for children that has a pleasant taste and you can buy it at your nearest pharmacy.
It is recommended that you give your rabbit approximately 1 ml every day, although the amount also depends a lot on the weight of your bunny. Calcium will make labor less painful, will make less problems with uterine contractions and the bones of babies that are forming inside are healthy and strong.
So, your rabbit's adult diet will have to become a baby diet, because it contains more protein and more nutrients for the good growth of babies. It is recommended that the hay be alfalfa, because it is more protein and has a higher calcium content.
To know that everything is going well inside your bunny, it is essential to do radiographs very frequently To know the status of babies, if there is one who has suffered a problem and has died and the heart rate of each of them.
In the last third of pregnancy it is advisable to perform an x-ray to verify the number of babies that your bunny has inside, as well as if there are some of them attached or glued and the dimensions of each one to know if they can leave your bunny and there will be no complications in childbirth.
The x-ray is important to be done at the end of pregnancy because During it, babies are growing and developing and can be detrimental to their health. Once the puppies are trained, there will be no danger of bad formations and so we will avoid complications for your bunny.
The care during your bunny's pregnancy will be essential for both your health and that of your babies. The food must be varied and balanced. As we mentioned earlier, alfalfa hay is the best option, and you can combine it with carrot, tomato, parsley and lettuce pieces.
Water must always be clean and fresh because your rabbit will start drinking water much more frequently than before being pregnant. Do not forget to keep your bunny away from the male so that he does not suffer attacks or he reassembles it again. Your rabbit will be very arisca and you must ensure that no animal in the house approaches her.
When the time to give birth is approaching, your bunny will want to condition a nest for her babies in a warm place. For it, the tummy coat will start to be pulled into the nest, and will use all those things that are in its way and see that they are necessary to build it.
To make your job easier, you can choose to provide a large box and put straw, paper and cardboard at your fingertips. In this way, she will pick up everything she sees and get down to work to make her nest as warm and comfortable as possible for her future babies.
Once the babies are born, you should observe that everyone is alive and drinks milk from their mother. Never touch the young unless you want to remove some dead bunny from the litter. You must do this in front of her.
If it is strictly necessary to touch a baby, put on gloves to do it and then rub it with your bunny's hair so that she does not reject it, since she will not like the human smell in her baby. Do not forget to separate the young from the mother when they have 8 weeks of life, because the mother will begin to reject them and will suffer attacks from her.
Keep in mind all these cares to make your rabbit's pregnancy go out as well as possible. Do not forget to consult your veterinarian frequently and make the relevant revisions to verify that everything is perfectly before the day of delivery. You will fall in love with their young when they are born!
How to know if a rabbit is pregnant?
It is hard to notice. At first glance it is practically impossible. The embryos They are very small and you have to feel it very carefully to find out. The veterinarians pass the palm of the open hand, from top to bottom, looking for small bumps, which in all likelihood will be future rabbits.
How to prepare the nest?
Well, surely you don't have to do anything, because the mother will be in charge of choosing the place she likes best and the material with which to make it. It is likely that you will disappear socks, paper or any other type of objects that she decides to serve her. Let him do and even facilitate it.
If you want, you can also try to buy him a nest prefabricated to lend a hand, although it is not certain that he will accept it. They sell them in specialized stores.
How to act during childbirth?
Thirty days after riding our rabbit will give birth. The most important thing is not to stress it. She knows what she has to do. And surely from light at night when everything is quieter. We will only have to intervene if we see that something is not going well, and in that case, the most advisable thing is to notify a veterinarian specialized in exotic. All the rabbits that were born alive should be in the nest, if there are any outside, place it with everyone else. If anyone was born dead, remove it slowly. It is recommended to rub your hands with hay when you go to them and that your movements are slow and smooth. The rabbit will be calmer.
Food of the rabbits
The breastmilk It is the only food they eat until day 18 approximately. During the period of breastfeeding you can give your rabbit some more feed than usual. The mother will let them breastfeed twice a day: once in the morning and once in the evening. You will check that they are being fed if they do not cry and their skin is pink and hot. Do not worry if the mother does not approach them for the rest of the day. It is a perfectly normal behavior.
After the eighteenth day they are introduced hay and I think Special for rabbits. But never vegetable. This may begin to eat from the third or fourth month.
Once they reach five weeks of life, the weaning. It will, in all likelihood, be the mother who decides when they are sufficiently prepared to eat only hay and I think.
What to do if they remain orphans?
Before a difficult time like this, do not lose your temper. Now the life of these little rabbits is in your hands. Try not to leave the nest made by the mother, they need the heat that provides them. No need to put anything that covers them to provide more heat, the mother never gets on top of them as other mammals do. With a syringe give them special milk for cat. Get slowly and very carefully. Still, the probability of survival is very small. Don't blame yourself if this happens.