Leishmaniasis or canine leishmaniasis is a infectious disease caused by a type of microscopic parasite known>
Currently, the prevalence of this disease is around 70% in our country and the mosquito can be found throughout the Spanish geography and at almost any time of the year, due to global warming. However, it is more abundant than May to October and there is more risk of sting at sunrise and sunset.
There is treatment for leishmaniasis but the best weapon to fight it is the prevention through pipettes and collars. We also have a vaccine. However, today they do not offer 100% protection. Also, immunostimulants such as domperidone can be used, as they have also contributed to the control and prevention of the disease.
Symptoms of canine leishmaniasis
The clinical signs are very variable and will depend on the degree of infestation and the location of the parasite. "They can start with symptoms as unspecified as lack of appetite, weight loss and lack of vitality. Traditionally in the skin and hair it is common to observe hair loss around eyes, ears, wounds of difficult healing, uncontrolled growth of nails or what we call plantar hyperkeratosis or poor condition of the pulps (fingertips), "explains the veterinarian Pedro Ruf, owner of the Arganzuela veterinary clinic and vice president of the Madrid Association of Pet Veterinarians (AMVAC), on other occasions the joints can be affected causing limp intermittently difficult to control. In chronic forms, the kidney and liver may be affected, worsening the prognosis.
"Unfortunately sometimes there are animals that act as reservoirs of the disease and do not develop clinical signs, so it is especially important annual checkl that will rule out symptomatic and asymptomatic positives, "warns the specialist.
Have you been infected?
Upon suspicion of this disease, various tests can be performed to confirm the diagnosis: analysis to detect the presence of antibodies or a PCR consisting of amplification of the parasite's DNA (also by blood collection).
"The tests available for the early detection of the disease are increasingly sensitive. Also, the most sophisticated and precise detection techniques, such as PCR or bone marrow aspirate and cytology, are used to confirm possible doubtful cases," he clarifies. the vet.
Pipette, collar or vaccine
There are different ways to prevent phlebotome sting. The most important thing is to consult with our trusted veterinarian about the most effective method depending on the level of risk. For example, if you sleep in the garden, if the place where we live is considered a risk zone, as well as our habits and customs.
Depending on the risk, it will recommend necklaces, pipettes. If the exposure level is higher, it is likely to recommend the administration of a vaccine to prevent mosquito bites and the development of pathology. Another recommended measure "is to rule out the presence of the disease annually even if protective measures are used, since zero risk does not exist.
And is that "the early detection of the disease allows the treatment, despite being palliative, greatly improve the prognosis of survival of affected pets," recalls Pedro Ruf. The prognosis of the disease will depend on the degree of internal organ involvement. "If concomitant renal failure develops, the prognosis is severe or very serious," he says.
The current antiparasitic treatments do not lose effectiveness with water If the animal gets wet, as long as we take certain precautions, such as waiting a couple of days before bathing the animal when the pipette is applied or not removing the antiparasitic collar if the pet is going to get into the water or wash. Obviously, you never have to rub the collar with soap, because then it could lose its effectiveness.
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What is leishmaniosis?
As we have already mentioned, leishmaniosis is a parasitic disease transmitted by small insects, known as phlebotomes.They are nocturnal insects and, therefore, their moment of greatest activity is recorded at dusk, with temperatures above 16º. Its activity period is developed from the month of March to October, both included.
What symptoms can it present?
The infection of leishmaniosis produces in our dog a systemic condition, affecting several organs and causing a progressive deterioration of the animal. The animal shows different manifestations.Some may have very obvious clinical signs. In others, however, such manifestations do not occur.
Treatment and prevention
Current therapies rarely eliminate leishmaniosis completely and complete cure of the infection is usually an exception. While, Diagnosing and treating the disease early will help alleviate the symptoms and help the animal recover its quality of life although it remains infected and positive to leishmania. The treatment they receive is usually very bearable for the animal. Our veterinarian will advise us on which is the most effective treatment of canine leishmaniasis in its different clinical phases.
Protecting our dog from this serious illness can be our best weapon. If we live in high-risk areas, we recommend:
- Put mosquito net and use mosquito nets near where our dog rests.
- The use of repellent pipettes and collars, as they contribute to reducing the chances of infection.
- There is currently a specific vaccine to prevent leishmania, which reinforces the cellular immune response of our dog.
Remember that there are several ways to prevent canine leishmania but none of them is 100% effective. At the Albacora Veterinary Clinic we will be happy to assist you to answer questions about this disease, its treatment and prevention.
Life expectancy of a dog with leishmania
Leishmania is not a disease that will put your colleague's life hanging by a thread. Parvovirus or gastric torsion can kill you overnight, but leishmaniasis may be inactive in your body throughout your life, manifest after a couple of years or appear shortly after receiving the mosquito bite.
That is to say, your life expectancy is optimal as long as you receive the right treatment. Remember that there are no home or natural remedies for leishmaniosis, only the medications prescribed by a veterinarian and administrator for you.
Cutaneous symptoms of leishmaniasis in dogs
The symptoms of this disease are many and varied, so we cannot wait for one to appear specifically to go to the veterinarian. You will find on the internet that the most common clues that a dog has this disease are in his skin and eyes, which will be swollen and in poor condition, in relation to his dermis, the first signs of the attack of this parasite are in the ears and skin.
You will notice that the wounds that are done take longer to close and that some appear without apparent explanation. Not only will your skin be damaged, but also your overall state of health. You will notice accumulation of dead skin on your skin, it will be more prone to get opportunistic diseases such as conjunctivitis and dermatitis will appear on the skin.
Leishmaniasis in dogs is contagious
If you detect these problems on your body, the solution is not to try to use home remedies to relieve your pain, but take it to the vet as soon as possible. If you don't react, this parasite will continue to crush your body. Do not forget that this is a contagious disease, so it is advisable to be careful when you connect it with other dogs. Also watch your health, because it can be the case of contagion to people.
But not all hairy develop small skin lesions or conjunctivitis. Many PetLovers are not able to explain why their colleagues suddenly lose weight or become very tired on a daily basis. These two symptoms are usually associated with cancer, but if you have been bitten by a bug before, you suspect that it is actually leishmaniosis.
Eyes of a dog with leishmania
Other ways to know that you have leishmania, in addition to looking at your eyes, which may be a little red, is because it will also bleed for no apparent reason. In particular we have to point out the bleeding that may be in the nose and also internally, which will manifest with blood in the stool. You may feel so weak that you will even limp.
How because of leishmaniosis your immune system will be very weakened, it will be easy prey for bacteria, so you will get sick and have a fever. A hairy one usually has a couple of degrees more than us, but if you notice that it is especially hot in addition to having one or more of the symptoms described here, you probably have leishmaniasis.
How to prevent the spread of leishmaniasis
Fortunately, leishmania is a disease that is not frequent and is disappearing, which does not mean that we do not have to be aware of not being infected. Leishmaniasis is spread by the bite of a type of mosquito that lives in hot and humid places. Knowing this, the best way to prevent leishmania is to avoid such places.
Walking through especially warm areas with swampy water or resting with your dog facilitates contagion. If you have any questions about this disease or if this year have been detected infections in your area, ask your veterinarians online. At Barkibu, we are by your side for everything you need.
Have you been left with doubts? Ask our veterinarians:
How to know if my dog has leishmaniosis
To begin, we must have a series of clear concepts to better understand the disease of Leishmaniosis and clarify some myths that have been created around it:
- The first thing you should know is that leishmaniosis is a chronic condition that has no cure. But this does not necessarily mean that your dog is going to die. With the proper attention you can take a v />
- Leishmaniasis is an endemic and seasonal condition. Your canine pet will have more or less chance of getting this disease depending on where you live. For example: in areas with very hot and humid times, the possibility of getting leishmaniasis of the animal is very high. This is because they are the ideal conditions for the proliferation of the mosquito that transmits the disease.
Well, once explained this, we can begin to know the symptoms to identify them quickly and be able to offer the treatments to your faithful friend.
Symptoms of leishmaniosis in dogs
You should pay maximum attention to possible symptoms to know if your dog suffers canine leishmaniosis. Early detection is very important to have more possibilities>
We do not want to be alarmists, but remember that it can become deadly if you do not receive the appropriate treatment and subsequent controls are not performed properly to see the evolution.
Leishmaniasis disease affects dogs in two different ways. It can affect in a way cutaneous (on the skin) or shape visceral (kidneys and liver).
If you notice that your pet appears leg ulcers, in the head or in the edge of the earspossibly Leishmaniosis symptoms. Can also have eye inflammation It can affect your vision. You can also see how dogs see.
It is highly recommended to go to the vet urgently if you detect any of these indicators to observe and diagnose. In the following link you can see how to clean a dog's ears.
Others leishmaniasis symptoms in which you must look to find out if your pet suffers canine leishmania They are abnormal hair loss, unusual nail growth, dandruff on the head, wounds that have never been healed, persistent diarrhea or blood in the urine. Sometimes cracking of the plantar pads with infection. You can also cry for no apparent reason. You can see here more information about why my dog cries.
Likewise, there are also other signs that are somewhat more difficult to detect, but that may be an indication that your dog has been infected by this parasite. For example:
- Muscular atrophy
- Increased English and neck nodes
- Persistent limp
- General weakness
- Unjustified fatigue
- Joint inflammation
- Swelling of the abdomen
- Unusual weight loss (see why my dog doesn't eat)
But unfortunately, not all dogs show the same symptoms. There is even the possibility that some do not show symptoms for several years despite being infected. This happens because, like humans, if your pet canine is many years old and his defenses are weak, it is easy for him to get sick quickly. But instead, if you are young and your immune system is strong, you may be infected by the leishmaniasis parasite and live normally without showing any symptoms. You should also know how to remove ticks from the dog.
How to act against canine leishmaniasis
Now you know that it is very important to detect this disease as soon as possible (detection of early leishmaniasis). If you realize the problem when the parasitic disease It is in an advanced state, your pet will have many more possibilities to carry a normal life. But of course, with the right treatment and control.
Mosquito felbotomo transmitter of Leishmaniosis
Indeed, it can be a very hard health problem for both the animal and the owner. But you must arm yourself with patience and be consistent with the medications you must give and not skip any veterinary control. This way you will avoid sudden regrowth, relapse or worsening of the health of your hairy pet dog. You may also be interested in how to remove a dog's fleas.
As we said before, leishmaniosis has no cure. If your pet suffers from leishmaniasis, it will be for a lifetime. This is something you must accept with positivism, love and responsibility towards your dog. Since currently, infected dogs can have a perfectly normal life with proper care. After all, what would you not do for them?
To prevent your dog from becoming infected, there are currently a large number of pipettes, pickups Y mosquito repellent necklaces that transmit leishmaniosis. In this way, you can prevent the bite of this insect. Similarly, there are also some very effective vaccines that will make your animal well protected against this disease. Consult your veterinarian.
To conclude, remember that the fundamental to detect leishmaniosis in a dog is:
- You must be alert to the possible symptoms that we have explained.
- You should immediately go to the vet to diagnose it.
In the next audio you can get more information on Leishmaniosis and its prevention:
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We inform you that this article is only informative. In Curio Sfera .com We do not have the power to make diagnoses or prescribe any type of treatment. In case your pet shows any symptoms or discomfort, you should urgently go to the veterinarian. Your dog will thank you. 🙂
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